The research cracks the code on the iconic baobab tree’s origin story, revealing their surprising origins in Madagascar and incredible long-distance dispersals to Africa and Australia. The study unveils how baobabs developed unique pollination mechanisms — some attracting hawkmoths, others lemurs, and even bats — showcasing remarkable evolutionary adaptations. The research sheds light on how climate change has shaped the baobab’s distribution and diversification over millions of years, offering valuable insights for understanding plant responses to future environmental shifts.